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What is melanoma?

     The skin color pigment is called melanin. If cancer affects your cells, melanoma is considered the worst type of skin cancer. Very few people know that this melanoma can also form in the eyes, under the nails and occasionally in the internal organs, such as intestinal tract and genital organs. People with dark skin types are prone to this problem. Melanoma occurs most often in areas exposed to the sun, such as the face, arms, legs, and back.

Besides these areas, he can also appear in the soles of the feet or in the palm of the hands. The risk of developing melanoma is due to the ultraviolet rays and radiation of the tanning beds.

In conclusion, the answer to the question seems to be obvious. People need to be safe from the sun, and when exposed to the sun, it is necessary to protect from UV rays with the help of a cream. I recommend using sunscreen more than 15 SPF (which refers to the protective factor through its initials in English) and clothing that protects you from the sun, is a way to prevent melanoma. Try to avoid sun exposure between 10 am and 4 pm.

It is also ideal to know any changes on the skin. This may be the key to detecting melanoma over time and successfully treating it. The following are the symptoms of melanoma:

  • Changes to an existing mole. Normal moles have only one color. This is brown or black, with a border that clearly marks their separation from the skin. Their shape is oval or round.
  • Development of a new mole or type of skin growth that looks common. People need to be very careful about asymmetrical moles, with irregular edges. They have a color of several shades and change their color over time. If the mole is bleeding or itchy, it can also be a symptom of skin cancer.

In conclusion, if you notice any of these symptoms, go urgently to a dermatologist, because that could be melanoma, a type of skin cancer that can be very serious, but if detected early, it is very treatable.

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